As every year on June 5, World Environment Day is celebrated , a date set by the United Nations with the aim of raising awareness about the importance of our actions on nature and the importance of promoting environmental protection policies.
2020 will host Colombia and the central theme will be biodiversity. Recent events, such as forest fires in the Amazon, California, and Australia, floods and droughts, the locust invasion in the Horn of Africa, and now the COVID-19 pandemic, demonstrate the intricate relationship between humans and the environment.
"The United Nations has recognized Colombia's achievements in the conservation of biodiversity, the fight against deforestation and the illegal trafficking of species and wood. It also became the first country in the world in bird and orchid species, the second country in report reptiles and plants, and the fourth country in species of mammals.A great diversity of species, the more diversity they become more resilient in their country.
For his part, the director of the Humboldt Institute, Hernando García, stated that in Colombia “58,000 species of life have been reported. They are part of the treasure that makes us unique within the planet, 8,800 species are endemic, unique in our country. About 20% of all birds on the planet are here. "
Why is protecting biodiversity so important? Biodiversity is the foundation that supports underwater life and life on Earth, it has an intimate relationship with every aspect of human life . The water we drink, the oxygen to live, the food and its nutrients. Biodiversity is a source of medicines, disease resistance and scientific studies and helps reduce climate change.
The time to act is now, "to take care of humanity we must take care of nature," says UN Secretary General António Guterres . We must rethink what we buy and use, lean towards sustainable models of agriculture and business, and protect the flora and fauna of our planet Earth.