The Cervantes National Theater is located on the corner of Córdoba and Libertad avenue. It was declared a National Historic Monument and constitutes one of the jewels of the architecture of the City of Buenos Aires .
The inauguration of Cervantes , on September 5, 1921, constituted a true cultural and social event for Buenos Aires at the beginning of the century. Also the crystallization of the dream of the Spanish actress María Guerrero and her husband Fernando Díaz de Mendoza, who pledged their personal fortune to carry out the project.
Even the king of Spain, King Alfonso XIII, was involved in the construction since María Guerrero achieved her commitment so that the theater would be a work of all Spain. The king ordered that the Spanish cargo ships of his government arriving in Buenos Aires should transport the essential artistic elements for Cervantes.
Several Spanish cities worked for the sumptuous theater, tiles and damasks arrived from Valencia; from Tarragona, the red tiles for the floor; from Seville, the armchairs in the patio, bargueños, mirrors, benches, bars, ironwork, tiles; of Lucena, lamps, lamps, lanterns; from Barcelona, the fresco painting for the ceiling of the theater, from Madrid, the curtains, tapestries and the curtain, a true work of tapestry that represented the coat of arms of the City of Buenos Aires embroidered in silk and gold.